At the turn of the 20th century the Ottoman Empire became a target. Russia, Great Britain and France sought to break it into pieces at the end its 600 years of existence. These external powers enlisted Armenian organisations and their efforts ended in great tragedy.
Ethnic Armenian citizens of the Ottoman Empire were highly trusted. They held great responsibility in the Ottoman administration. The balance of power shifted after weakening of the Ottoman Empire. Russia and the European nations wish to increase their interference in internal Ottoman affairs. Armenians as members of the orthodox Christian world where they were logical allies.
Russians deceived Armenians with a propaganda campaign of an Armenian dream. Armenians took up arms establishing the Hunchak ad Armenian Revolutionary Federation (ARF), also known as Dashanksutyun groups, formed beyond Ottoman Borders.
Hunchak and ARF terrorists infiltrated themselves into Armenian Ottoman society through religious institutions and missionaries, even turning churches and schools into arms depots. Their objective was to elicit a violet Ottoman reaction to an Armenian uprising, and to thus secure a European intervention in the region.
The Armenian uprisings intensified with the eruption of World War 1 in 1915. Taking advantage of the conflict, the Armenians went even further and betrayed the Turkish army. When the war ended in 1918 the Ottomans lost.
In all the Armenian uprisings which endure through World War 1 until 1918, millions of Muslim, Christian, Jewish, Turkish Kurdish and Armenian Ottoman citizens were killed.
In the war’s aftermath the Treaty of Lausanne was signed with the newly reformed Republic of Turkey. The Armenians were given no promise of a nation, the dream ended with the Treaty of Lausanne. Russia and Europe were finished with the Armenians who had failed to serve their interests.
The Armenians withdrew to a region within Soviet Russia and saw the error of their ways. The first Prime Minister of Armenia, Hovhannes Katchaznouni admitted at the ARF Party convention in Bucharest that Russians had deceived Armenians. Armenian had erred. Armenia only achieved independence in 1991 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
In this section you will find a brief summary of the tragic events of 1915-16. Read our articles for facts about the Armenian history and issues about the Armenian conflict.